Go-Shops: Market Check Magic or Mirage?

Mark A. Morton, Roxanne L. Houtman

A "go-shop" is a provision in a merger agreement that permits a target company, after executing a merger agreement, to continue to actively solicit bids and negotiate with other potential bidders for a defined period of time. Where a target has engaged in a thorough pre-signing market canvass, a go-shop has little or no utility. However, when a target has not undertaken any form of pre-signing market canvass before signing up a deal (typically either because the buyer professed an unwillingness to bid if the target commences a market canvass or because the target was concerned that an auction process would result in employee and/or customer defections), a go-shop theoretically should produce the best possible transaction for the target company and its stockholders. While the authors are not aware of any empirical analysis of go-shops, our practical experience suggests that while go-shops may be beneficial in some circumstances, they may serve as mere window dressing in other cases. If so, then judicial skepticism of the benefit of a go-shop is warranted in the latter cases.

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